Early Americana Catalog

Presented for sale by Phil Barber, Cambridge, Mass. 02139 Telephone (617) 492-4653

Catalog Page 4

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Stars & Stripes
The War of 1812
Union Jack

The War of 1812 was declared by Congress on June 13, 1812, and ended with the Treaty of Ghent, signed on Christmas Eve, 1814.

Newspapers of this early pre-Industrial Age war are all far scarcer than Civil War era papers, with circulations dropping off in many cases to a few hundred copies per issue. Because of wartime shortages and manufacturing problems, the paper available to print American newspapers during the war years was often of lesser quality, so fewer have survived the passage of time. The news items, in typical period fashion, consist of letters from observers, official government documents, and items freely copied from other newspapers with which the editor "exchanged". In this era of horseback post riders and sailing vessels, all but the local news was usually weeks or months old before it appeared in print. The bicentennial of observances of the war will certainly spark new interest in what actually happened, as faithfully reported in the newspapers printed during this previously all but forgotten conflict.

Who's to Blame for Washington's Disaster? Congress decides
E4-018. [SINGLE ISSUE]. THE NATIONAL INTELLIGENCER, December 13, 1814. [Complete issue, 4 pages, folio size, published at Washington, D.C., by Gales & Seaton]
Most of Pages One and Four are taken up with "The Investigation Report, Concluded" being Congress's detailed account of the failed attempt to defend the ca[pital city, and its and neighboring Alexandria's successful capture by the redcoat expeditionary force. Damages are estimated at $417,743.51 to the U.S. navy yard as well. Quite detailed and interesting. Much on a proposed military draft, including the objections of what is here called "a weazel-faced man" displease by the thought of forced military service. Much more historical reading from this troubled period, as Washington begins to renew itself after the great disaster
Condition is fine, evenly browned, slight spine irregularity affects no text . . . SOLD

The Federal Budget
E4-010. [SINGLE ISSUE] THE NATIONAL INTELLIGENCER, March 16, 1813. [Complete issue of 4 pages, folio size, published at Washington, D.C., by Gales & Seaton]
Covering most of Page Four, where it is signed in type JAMES MADISON, is the Federal Budget for 1813, listing government leaders and their salaries and budgets. A number of lines devoted to the U.S. Mint detail its operations and wages - for example $1,5000 is the annual salary of the Chief Coiner. Five additional Acts of Congress also bear the President's type signature. Several war news items and commentary, and an affecting letter from an American held prisoner by the Algerine pirates. Scarcer .
Condition of this issue is overall fine with archival tape support at the back page fold line . . . SOLD

Atmosphere Issues from the War Years
Newspapers in this section are from the war years and all contain news and/or comment of the conflict. All are complete and in collectible condition as noted. Multiple examples are in stock; there will be no duplication of dates in orders or more than one example of any title. Click the thumbnail to view a larger photo of typical issues.
All photographs are of actual specimens being offered for sale. They were selected at random as representative of the items' general appearance and condition. Please note that the exact dates that a buyer will receive may not be those in the photos.I will select the exact dates within these years as my inventory allows. The photos may depict a full page or a detail close-up, or several typical issues, but all papers are complete and undamaged as noted.
The papers offered here are in at least Very Good condition unless noted otherwise, and may exhibit more foxing or browning than usual because of the lower quality wartime paper they were printed on. Note that the camera flash does tend to exaggerate browning and/or foxing.

E4-929. THE BOSTON PATRIOT, typical issue printed between 1812 and 1815. [Complete issue of 4 pages, folio size, published at Boston, Mass.].
News accounts of the struggle with England highlight this full sized newspaper, which also contains statements of the anti-war faction and provocative political analyses. New England was under a tight British naval blockade throughout most of the war (a factor which turned locals bitterly against what they deemed "Mr. Madison's War") so these issues were printed on coarse, crude paper which is usually found with some foxing due to the residues of the manufacturing process. Price per issue. . . .9.95

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E4-935. THE COLUMBIAN CENTINEL, AND MASSACHUSETTS FEDERALIST, typical issue printed between 1812 and 1815. [Complete issue of 4 pages, folio size, published at Boston, Mass.].
This staunch Federalist newspaper became less and less enchanted with the federal government's war policies as the war dragged on. Its news reports are quite as interesting as its editorials can be strongly worded. Full war news from all fronts, as well as the momentous events in Europe, where British successes against Napoleon will free their troops to fight America, with catastrophic results for the young republic. Nice paper with a woodcut eagle in its Masthead, fine ill. ads, etc.
Condition is very good to fine. Price per issue . . . . 9.95
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E4-941. THE INDEPENDENT CHRONICLE, typical issue printed between 1812 and 1815. [Complete issue of 4 pages, folio size, published at Boston, Mass.].
Complete news and information on the war's events and their political and economic impact on the region and nation may be found in this excellent bi-weekly newspaper. Splendid display Masthead features attractive calligraphy and a medallion woodcut of the American eagle.
Very good condition. Price per issue. . . 9.95
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E4-947. THE NATIONAL INTELLIGENCER, typical issue printed between 1812 and 1814. [printed at Washington, D.C., complete issue of 4pp, full folio size].
. Printed at the nation's Capital, this newspaper denounced English policy and supported the war effort unflinchingly. Because of its outspoken record, the offices were sacked and burned by British troops when the city was briefly occupied in the summer of 1814; though with typical Yankee ingenuity the paper was printing again, on whatever paper and equipment could be found, within ten days of the redcoat departure. THE NATIONAL INTELLIGENCER was one of the most significant American newspapers of its century. It was begun in 1801 by William H. Smith, and passed in 1810 to the legendary newsmen Joseph Gales and William Seaton, who continued to publish the paper in daily, tri-weekly, and weekly editions until its demise in 1868. For most of its long life this newspaper, which had been founded as the de facto spokesman of the Jefferson administration, remained in fact if not in name the official newspaper of the Federal government, recording the activities of the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial branches in full detail.
Condition is fine; there is browning in these scarce and historic issues because of the paper used and Washington's humid climate. Fine mementos of those difficult years. Price per issue . . . 15.95
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Scarcer Newspaper with an Appealing Title and a Moderate Stance
E4-949. THE YANKEE, typical issue printed between 1812 and 1813. [Complete issue of 4 pages, folio size, published at Boston, Mass., by Benjamin True and Thomas Rowe].
Edited by David Everett (1770 - 1813), playwright, author, and lawyer, this paper survived him by seven years, finally succumbing when a fire destroyed the printing-office. It contains the latest news of the war with England, and of the titanic struggle on the Continent between Napoleon and England, which drew the United States into ill-advised conflict with the latter Empire. Editorially the paper stands for unity in the face of the war, in these early months before the blockade became effective. I note much on the land war in the west and north, and accounts of the war at sea, along with Washington dispatches and commentary. Good budget of ads. Excellent regional newspaper from a time when the "Yankee" tars were the heroes of the hour. Scarcer title; this group of Volume I issues contains the only examples of the title I have seen.
Condition of the issues is generally quite fine, never bound, simply string-tied and featuring wide untrimmed margins. Price, each issue, . . . SOLD OUT

E4-953. THE NEW-ENGLAND PALLADIUM, typical issue printed between 1812 and 1815. [Complete issue of 4 pages, folio size, published at Boston, Mass.].
News coverage of the struggle is featured here in letters from eyewitnesses to the fighting, official government communiqués, and more. A scarcer title, with only some 25 known holdings from the war years.
Very good condition with some foxing, typical of the state of preservation of paper from the war years. Price per issue. . . 9.95
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E4-959. THE WEEKLY REGISTER, typical issue printed between 1812 and 1815. [complete issue of 16 pages, printed at Baltimore, octavo size].

This highly detailed newspaper, in handy octavo format, is filled with some of the best coverage and commentary of the war years, by the great newsman Hezekiah Niles. Niles was one of a rare handful of newsmen who refused advertising, in order not to be swayed by the advertisers' politics, and relied solely on subscription fees to keep the paper solvent. He suspended the paper for two weeks in that dark year of 1814 - when the editor and staff were busy fending off the British attack on Fort McHenry, guarding Baltimore. Francis Scott Key immortalized the epic in what is now our national anthem. An American classic, still, renowned for its unbiased chronicle of the day's events.
Nice fine condition. Price per issue. . . 9.95
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Edited by Washington Irving
E4-962. THE ANALECTIC MAGAZINE, typical issue printed between 1813 and 1814. [Complete issue of 88 pages, octavo size, published at Philadelphia, Penna., by Moses Thomas].
For a brief period, less than 24 issues, this fine eclectic review was edited by the great American author Washington Irving (1783 -1859). He contributed a number of reviews of new books and wrote the "literary and scientific intelligence" in the news columns. He celebrated the great triumphs of the U.S. navy in action against King George's warships in articles he wrote covering the war's events and the heroes. Irving started with a salary of $125 a month, which he thought "handsome pay ... [for] an amusing occupation" but by the end of 1814 he had grown tired of the demands of active editorship of an ongoing periodical and quit, to be replaced in Feb. 1815 by Thomas Wharton. I offer complete issues dating to the months of the Irving editorship, unique mementos of the early career of one of the most celebrated authors of his century at a formative period of American letters .
Condition of the issues is fine, minor light foxing, from a bound volume. Price, each issue, . . . 29.95
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E4-965. THE WAR, typical issue printed between 1812 and 1814. [Complete issue of 4 pages, quarto size, published at New York, N.Y. by Woodworth & Co.]
This bi-weekly newspaper was printed specifically to report the events of the war with England, and is especially prized for its detailed accounts of the bloody land war with the British Indian allies in the western wilderness. Editor Woodworth (1784 - 1842) was an apprentice of Benjamin Russell and helped print the Columbian Centinel until 1809. Vivid coverage of the war as it unfolded, to a conclusion that could not be known at the time. It is a hard title to find, as it had a limited press run. In its Masthead is the proud motto, "Let the rallying cry, through the day, be 'Liberty or Death'"
Condition is quite fine. Price per issue . . . . 14.95
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